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Septic systems are defined by underground methods of treating wastewater, especially in areas where public sewer systems are not available. These systems combine the power of nature as well as technology to treat sewage, household wastewater, and greywater from bathtub drains, kitchen sinks and laundry rooms. 

It should be realised that a septic system mainly consists of an underground tank along with a leaching area that is placed below surface level, otherwise known as ‘soil absorption field’. The primary purpose of creating a septic tank would be to break down any type of organic matter such as solidified grease and oils from the wastewater. Once the process, as mentioned earlier, has been completed, the waste is then discharged into the soil. 

Therefore, in this article, we’ll be taking an in-depth look at how septic systems work – with the help of home inspection in NJ services. 

How does a septic system work?

The process starts with all the wastewater being drained into a buried watertight container. The container is generally made out of fibreglass, concrete or polyethylene. It should be remembered that most septic tanks can hold up to 1,000 gallons or more of wastewater. This should be the minimum selection size for a family that has at least four members in it. 

The oil and grease from wastewater floats at the top and thereby forms a layer of scum. The outlet, as well as inlet pipes from the tank, are fitted with baffles that slow down the entry of wastewater, which keeps the scum and sludge from draining away from the tank. Once the water starts to get gradually filtered, the water is then moved to the aquifer, where it is treated for actual consumption. 

How can you determine that a house a septic system?

In case you’re not certain whether a particular home has a septic tank or a public sewer line, then following are some of the significant indicators:

  • A well supplies the water inside the house.
  • The house’s supply line has no such water meter.
  • There are no such provisions for a water bill.

After you’ve known that the house has a septic system, it’s your job to find out the tank’s location. You can find the tank’s location by inspecting the grounds for manhole covers or lids. 

What are the indications of a failing septic system?

The following are some of the signs of the failing septic system:

  • Soil is muddy near the septic system.
  • Wastewater is not getting discharged in the correct manner.
  • The home’s basement is filled with puddles of water on a frequent basis.



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